Later maps dating to the 14th and 15th century, by mapmakers such as Bontier and Le Verrier, refer to the island as Isla del Infierno, literally meaning "Island of Hell," referring to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount Teide.
The Benahoaritas (natives of La Palma) are said to have named the island, deriving it from the words teni ("mountain") and ife ("white").
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Tenerife is the economic capital of the Canary Islands.
The capital of the island, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is also the seat of the island council (cabildo insular).
Then the inhabitants of Santa Cruz used the former insult to identify as residents of the new capital, at La Laguna's expense.
However, the Cave of the Guanches in the municipality of Icod de los Vinos in the north of Tenerife, has provided the oldest chronologies of the Canary Islands, with dates around the sixth century BC.
It is the second city most populated on the island and the third in the archipelago.This role was later referred to as a "captainship" by the conquerors.Tinerfe "the Great", son of the mencey Sunta, governed the island from Adeje in the south.It was capital of the Canary Islands before Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833.Teide National Park is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located in the center of the island.
The city is capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands (shared with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria), sharing governmental institutions such as presidency and ministries.